Lu Wei (politician)

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Lu Wei
鲁炜
Lu Wei 2015.jpg
Lu Wei
Director of the Cyberspace Administration of China
In office
August 2013 – June 2016
General secretaryXi Jinping
Preceded byWang Chen
Succeeded byXu Lin
Vice-Mayor of Beijing
In office
March 2011 – April 2013
LeaderGuo JinlongWang Anshun (mayor)
Personal details
BornJanuary 1960 (age 61)
Chaohu, Anhui, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party (expelled)
Alma materGuangxi University of Radio and Television
Renmin University of China

Lu Wei (simplified Chinese: 鲁炜; traditional Chinese: 魯煒; pinyin: Lǔ Weǐ; born January 1960) is a former Chinese politician. He served as the deputy head of the Propaganda Department of the Communist Party of China, the head of the General Office of the Central Leading Group for Internet Security and Informatization (one and the same with the Cyberspace Administration of China, CAC) from August 2013[1] to June 2016.[2] Lu was previously Vice-Mayor of Beijing and the head of the Beijing Party organization's propaganda department, among other posts.[3] Lu was named by Time magazine as one of the world's 100 most influential people in 2015.[4] Multiple charges brought in 2017 resulted in Lu being sentenced to fourteen years in prison in 2019.

Biography[edit]

Lu was born in Chaohu, Anhui in January 1960.[5] He earned a reputation as being relatively brash and colorful within the Chinese bureaucracy.[6]

In 1991, Lu worked in Xinhua News Agency of Guangxi province as the Deputy Director, he was promoted to become the Director in 1997.[7]

From 2001 to 2004, he rose through the ranks to become Deputy Director of Xinhua News Agency.[7]

In March 2011, Lu was appointed as the Vice-Mayor of Beijing, the Minister of Beijing Propaganda Department and a Standing Committee member of the Beijing Municipal Party Committee. He remained in that positions until April 2013, when he was appointed the Chairman of State Internet Information Office, the Vice-Chairman of State Council Information Office.[citation needed] In August 2013, he became head of the newly created Cyberspace Administration of China in August 2013.[1]

At the 13th China Internet Media Forum on October 30, 2013, Lu made a presentation that thematized the Chinese Dream, a term that Chinese Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping had popularized since late 2012.[8]

Lu visited the United States during the first week of December 2014. In Washington, D.C. he conferred with senior administration officials such as the National Security Council about issues such as alleged Chinese hacking activities and censorship. In Silicon Valley he was greeted warmly by the top management of major firms such as Apple, Facebook, and eBay.[9]

Lu suddenly stepped down from his post at the Cyberspace Administration of China in June 2016, for unknown reasons.[1] While Lu remained a deputy head of the propaganda department, he relinquished all other titles of import. Foreign media speculated that this might signal a shift in Chinese internet policy.[2] Lu was placed under investigation for corruption in November 2017,[1] making him the first official of provincial rank to be investigated for corruption following the 19th Party Congress.[10][4] He was expelled from the Communist Party in February 2018. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said Lu was “arbitrary and tyrannical”, abused his power for personal gain and pretended to follow the rules. Other offences included using all means to build personal fame, making false and anonymous accusations against others, deceiving the top Communist leadership, extreme disloyalty, duplicity, trading power for sex, improper discussion of the party and a lack of self-control.[6]

On October 19, 2018, the Ningbo Intermediate People's Court heard Lu Wei's bribery case. He took advantage of his position to seek benefit for others and accepted a large sum of money. Lu has been accused of bribing about 32 million yuan. He pleaded guilty to corruption in October.[11][12] On March 26, 2019, Lu was sentenced to 14 years in prison and fined three million yuan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Allen, Kerry (July 13, 2021). "Chinese ex-online tsar Lu Wei charged with bribery". BBC News. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "China's powerful internet tsar steps aside as another of Xi Jinping's close allies to take over". South China Morning Post. 29 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  3. ^ "鲁炜担任国信办主任、国新办副主任". China. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  4. ^ a b Jiang, Steven (November 22, 2017). "China's former internet czar faces corruption probe". CNN.
  5. ^ Zhu, Xiaojun (2018-07-30). "中国"网络沙皇" 鲁炜被公诉 "化妆师"不为人知的一面" (in Chinese). BBC News. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  6. ^ a b Tang, Frank (February 13, 2018). "China's 'tyrannical' former internet tsar Lu Wei accused of trading power for sex in long list of corruption charges". South China Morning Post.
  7. ^ a b "观察站:揭示中共网络总管鲁炜的仕途之路". 多维新闻. 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2013-10-12.
  8. ^ Chen, Shuhan; Lunt, Peter (2021). Chinese Social Media: Face, Sociality, and Civility. Emerald Publishing. p. 108. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  9. ^ Mozur, Paul (December 8, 2014). "Warm West Coast Reception for China's Web Czar (Chillier in Washington)" ("Bits" blog). The New York Times. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  10. ^ "中共中央宣传部原副部长鲁炜涉嫌严重违纪接受组织审查" (in Chinese). ccdi.gov.cn. 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  11. ^ "China's former internet tsar pleads guilty to corruption". 19 October 2018.
  12. ^ 鲁炜受贿案一审开庭. sina (in Chinese). 2018-10-21. 共计折合人民币3200万余元。
Government offices
Preceded by
Director of the Cyberspace Administration of China
2013–2016
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Head of the Propaganda Department of Beijing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China
2011–2013
Succeeded by